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2010 Vol.27(12)

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article
Yu-Tang LI
2010, 4(12): 1-4.
[Abstract](1398) [PDF 363KB](1623)
Abstract:
Conservation and inheritance of nomadic culture
2010, 4(12): 5-10.
[Abstract](1596) [PDF 556KB](1075)
Abstract:
Grazing is the basis of nomadic culture and therefore, modern rotational grazing system is established in order to conserve and inherit the nomadic culture better. Human being, grassland and livestock are three basic components of nomadic culture, which could be integrated into a social ecosystem (grasslandlivestockpeople) through grazing. As the outcome of the social ecosystem, nomadic culture completely expresses the structure and function of the human beingoriented grassland ecosystem, which includes the pattern of production and living of nomadic nationalities, art form, ethnic nature, politics and military as well. Grazing has experienced different historical stages with the development of nomadic culture. Developed countries had finished the modification of grassland animal husbandry in the 1930s and the key approach was the rotational grazing accompanied with construction of settlements, waterdrunk points, fences, fodders and pastoral cooperatives association. This kind of grassland ecosystem with humanbeinggrasslandlivestock plays a key role in conservation and inheritance of nomadic culture.
Soil moisture simulation of cerealalfalfa rotation system in the aridland Loess Plateau based on EPIC model
2010, 4(12): 11-20.
[Abstract](1480) [PDF 515KB](846)
Abstract:
Soil moisture is a key factor affecting the crop production in the Loess Plateau. Erosion Productivity Impact Calculator (EPIC) model has been widely applied to effectively simulate soil water throughout the world since it has been established. The longterm experimental data from foragecereal rotation land (alfalfaalfalfaalfalfaalfalfapotatowinter wheatwinter wheatwinter wheat) was used to evaluate the accuracy of simulated soil water by EPIC model. This study showed that mean correlation coefficients between simulated and observed soil moisture in alfalfa land, winter wheat field and potato field were 0.756, 0.973 and 0.790 respectively, and mean value of RMSE were 0.028, 0.011 and 0.023 m/m respectively, which indicated that the distribution of simulated soil water from top soil layer to the depth soil layer was generally consistent with distribution of observed soil water. This study suggested that EPIC model could be used to simulate the change and distribution of soil water of alfalfacereal rotation land in the Loess Plateau of china, and that the simulation precision of soil moisture could be improved by building reasonable soil database and proper equation of root distribution.
Influence of habitats and terrains on soil nutrients of Seriphidum transiliense desert grassland
2010, 4(12): 21-26.
[Abstract](1606) [PDF 405KB](939)
Abstract:
A field traditional survey was conducted to determine the effect of habitats and terrains on soil nutrients of Seriphidum transiliense desert grassland in the north slope of Tianshan Mountain for providing useful information for sustainable development of the animal husbandry and improvement of ecological environment. The results of this study showed that habitats and terrains greatly affected the soil chemical characteristics of S.transiliense desert grassland, and further affected the plant biomass. The available soil nutrients and organic matter in the vertical profile shared in a common from west habitat to east habitat as following: 0~10>10~20>20~30 cm layer; however, pH value showed a inversely trendy as following: 0~10<10~20<20~30 cm layer. This study also showed that habitats and terrains did not affect the vertical pattern of available soil nutrients in the soil profile.
Evaluation of ecological services value of mountain shrubbygrassland ecosystem in Lhasariver valley regionA case study of Dazi County
2010, 4(12): 27-31.
[Abstract](1370) [PDF 442KB](872)
Abstract:
Selecting Dazi County as an example, different methods, including market value, substitution engineering and shadow price, were used to calculate the ecological services value of mountain shrubbygrassland ecosystem in Lhasariver valley. The results of this study showed that the total value of mountain shrubbygrassland ecosystem services was 265.03104 Yuan in Dazi County, consisting of 45.60104 Yuan production value with the percent of 17.20%, 83.80104 Yuan fixation of CO2 with of the percent of 31.62%, 113.33104 Yuan release of O2 with the percent of 42.76%, 13.16104 Yuan water holding with the percent of 4.97%, and 9.14104 Yuan nutrient circle maintaining with the percent of 3.45%. This study indicated that the mountain shrubbygrassland ecosystem provides great ecological services value, and the release of O2 was the most important service.
Monitoring land desertification in northern area of the Loess Plateau by 3S technique A case study of Shenmu County in Shaanxi Province
2010, 4(12): 32-38.
[Abstract](1877) [PDF 613KB](917)
Abstract:
The change of land desertification in Shenmu county of northern loess plateau was monitored by combing the field survey and remote sense data and the social factors affecting land desertification were discussed in this study. The results of this study showed that the areas of desertification land decreased by 10% from 1986 to 2004; however, spatial distribution of desertification was different, indicating that the area of desertification land decreased obviously in the northern west region and increased in the southern regions. After reviewing the relationship between change of desertification land and social factors, this study showed that desertification land showed an increasing trend in the regions where the percent of cropland was bigger and land per capita was less, indicating that the cropland utilization contributed to land desertification and improvement conventional cultivation benefited to alleviate the land desertification.
Research progress on carbon flux of grassland ecosystem based on theeddy covariance method in China
2010, 4(12): 38-44.
[Abstract](1824) [PDF 468KB](1556)
Abstract:
The carbon cycle of grassland ecosystem is one of key issues in the field of global carbon cycle. It is possible to continuously and chronically measuring carbon fluxes of grassland ecosystem by using the eddy covariance method. This study reviewed the progress of the research progresses of carbon flux of grassland ecosystem in China by using the eddy covariance method, emphasizing on the temporal change characteristics of carbon flux of grassland ecosystem in China, and outlining the progresses on the regulation mechanism of environmental factors on the carbon flux of grassland ecosystem. Finally, this study proposed suggestions for further research on the carbon flux of grassland ecosystem in China.
Evaluation system of the ecological environments based on GISA case study in Qinghai Province
2010, 4(12): 45-52.
[Abstract](1676) [PDF 1046KB](908)
Abstract:
Based on Technical Criterion for Ecoenvironmental Status Evaluation and The System of Ecological Environment Assessment Based on GIS, the ecological environment quality of Qinghai Province was comprehensively assessed by the method of spatial statistics and analyst of ArcGIS in 2004, 2006 and 2007, respectively. The advantages and disadvantages of Technical Criterion for Ecoenvironmental Status Evaluation and The System of Ecological Environment Assessment Based on GIS were discussed in this study. The results of this study showed that the ecoenvironmental quality index (EI) was far lower than that of the whole China and the average value of EI in 2004, 2006 and 2007 was 27.43, 27.73 and 29.97 respectively. EI gradually increased from northwest to southeast, implying that the ecoenvironment quality became gradually better. This study showed that that The System of Ecological Environment Assessment Based on GIS was better than Technical Criterion for Ecoenvironmental Status Evaluation, whose error was less than 1 km2.
Genetic diversity of clover by SRAP
2010, 4(12): 53-57.
[Abstract](1802) [PDF 614KB](988)
Abstract:
Sequence Related Amplified Polymorphism (SRAP) molecular markers were used to detect the genetic diversity and genetic relationship of 11 accessions, including red clover (Trifolium pratense), white clover (T. repens), alsike clover (T. hybridum) cultivars and white clover leaftype variant. This study indicated that forty primer pairs produced 426 polymorphic bands with 10.7 average polymorphic bands per primer pair, and the average percentage of polymorphic bands was 53.8%. SRAP cluster analysis showed that genetic similarity coefficient in white clover was from 0.455 to 0.927 and the average similarity coefficient was 0.854, in which novel bands in mutants of white clover were observed, indicating that DNA sequence between the clover and its mutants was different. Similarity coefficient in red clover was from 0.757 to 0.837, and the average similarity coefficient was0.791. These results of this study suggested that there was a rich genetic diversity among white clovers and red clover. Compared to white clover, red clover showed closer genetic similarity with alsike clover, indicating that SRAP technology could be used effectively for clover species and intraspecific genetic relationships, identification and analysis of genetic diversity.
Genetic diversity of Cynodon dactylon germplasm in Xinjiang by SSR molecular markers
2010, 4(12): 58-64.
[Abstract](1743) [PDF 1032KB](1099)
Abstract:
Sequence Related Amplified Polymorphism (SRAP) molecular markers were used to detect the genetic diversity of 19 Cynodon dactylon accessions bred by Xinjiang Agricultural University and 51 wild C. dactylon accessions collected from Xinjiang Province. This study indicated that a total of 55 bands were detected by the 11 primer pairs from the 70 accessions of C. dactylon, and each primer pairs amplified 3 to 6 bands with 5 average bands. Polymorphism Information Content (PIC) of each primer pairs ranged from 0.65 to 0.83, and the average PIC was 0.78. The SSRbased genetic similarity (GS) values among 70 C. dactylon accessions ranged from 0.5 to 0.84, indicating C. dactylon showed a rich genetic diversity in the Xinjiang China. Clustering analysis showed that all the 70 accessions could be divided into 4 groups, indicating 70 C. dactylon accessions could be distinguished by SSR molecular markers, in which Cd071 cultivars were classified in one group and the other wild C. dactylon accessions were classified in another 2 groups. This study suggested that the 70 C. dactylon accessions showed a large genetic difference, and there was a close correlation between genetic differentiation and ecogeographical habits.
Optimization of ISSRPCR system and its application in the identification of sainfoingermplasm of space irradiation
2010, 4(12): 65-72.
[Abstract](1753) [PDF 748KB](895)
Abstract:
Based on the orthogonal design, the optimized ISSRPCR system of sainfoin (Onobrychis viciaefolia) germplasm was established by comparing the 4 factors (dNTP, Taq polymerase, primer and Mg2+) and the 3 levels. This established system was used to select the primer combination and the optimum Tm and the ISSR Marker System was applied to identify the variation of hereditary substance of sainfoin offspring from space irradiation seeds. The results of this study showed that the optimized ISSRPCR system for sainfoin was 2.5 L 10PCR buffer, 50 ng template DNA, dNTP 0.2 mmol/L, Taq DNA polymerase 1.5 U, primer 0.4 mol/L, Mg2+ 2.0 mmol/L in a total of 25 L reaction solution. 12 primer combinations were selected with abundant polymorphism from 53 primers. 201 DNA bands were amplified by 12 ISSR primers, in which 142 bands were polymorphic, and polymorphic ratio (PPB) was 73.6%. This study also indicated that the percentage of polymorphic loci(P),Nei gene diversity(h) and Shannon index(I) in Sainfoin seeds of the control was lower than that of the seeds carried by spaceflight, implying that space environment caused the variation of hereditary substance DNA of Sainfoin. This study suggested that the space radiation would be an effective approach to developing new sainfoin germplasm.
Introduction effectiveness of palatable forages and turf grasses at the One River and Its Two Branchesriver basin in the Tibet Autonomous Region
2010, 4(12): 73-81.
[Abstract](1858) [PDF 478KB](1143)
Abstract:
The One River and Its Two Branches river basin area is the largest agricultural production region with the large area pastures in the Tibet Autonomous Region. An introduction and domestication trial at Dazi station was carried out to select the palatable forages and turf grasses for establishing pastures with high yield in the One River and Its Two Branches river region from 2008 to 2009. The results of this study indicated that 14 legumes, 8 grasses and 19 turf grass varieties were suitable and could be extended in the One River and Its Two Branchesriver basin area.
Suitability of forages at the Nujiang dryhot valley regions in Yunnan Province
2010, 4(12): 82-86.
[Abstract](1417) [PDF 361KB](951)
Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to assess the suitability of sixteen tropical grass varieties at the Nujiang dryhot valley areas in Yunnan province. The results of this study showed that 16 varieties performed well at Nujiang dryhot valley region. Pennisetum purpureum cv. Red showed the highest yield of hay with 35 915.00 kg/hm2, and was extremely significant higher yield than the other 15 varieties. Panicum maximum cv. Reyan No.8, P. maximum CIAT 9 and P. maximum cv. TD 58 and B. brizantha cv. Reyan No.6 had the second highest yield of hay, and their hay yields were not significant difference, however, were significantly higher than the yield of B. hybrid and extremely significant higher than the yields of other 10 varieties. This study suggested that P. purpureum cv. Red, P. maximum cv. Reyan No.8, P. maximum CIAT 9, P. maximum cv. TD 58 and B.brizantha cv.Reyan No.6 were suitable for extending in the dryhot valley area due to high yield , rapid growth, regeneration and strong drought resistance.
Effect of N, P, K and Zn fertilization on first cutting yield and quality of Zea mexicana
2010, 4(12): 87-91.
[Abstract](1683) [PDF 363KB](969)
Abstract:
A pot experiment was conducted to determine the effect of N, P, K and Zn application on the first cutting yield and nutrient quality of Zea mexicana. The results of this study showed that nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and zinc fertilizers significantly increased the first cutting fresh yield and hay (leaf + stem sheath) yield of Z.mexicana by 7.00%~39.08% and 6.02%~37.94%. The increase in yield of Z.mexicana caused by nitrogen fertilizer was greater than that caused by phosphate and potassium fertilizer. The nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and zinc fertilizers also significantly increased crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber and crude ash's content. The crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber's content of leaves were greater than that of stem and sheath. The positive effectiveness of nitrogen fertilizer on Z.mexicana quality was greater than that of phosphate and potassium fertilizer on Z.mexicana quality. This study also indicated that zinc fertilizers contributed to improve the yield and nutritional quality of Z.mexicana. This study suggested that nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and zinc fertilizers fertilization could increase the yield of Z.mexicana and improve nutritional quality of Z.mexicana.
Evaluation on drought resistance of Elytrigria intermedium, E.elongata and their hybrids
2010, 4(12): 92-95.
[Abstract](1450) [PDF 421KB](923)
Abstract:
The principal components and membership functions analysis methods were used to evaluated the he drought resistance of three varieties in Elytrigia genus (Elytrigria intermedium, E.elongata and their hybrids) by measuring relative water content, proline, chlorophyll, protein and malonaldehyde content of the shoots in this study. The results of this study showed that the 5 indexes could be classified into 3 kinds of independent comprehensive groups. The comprehensive value of drought tolerance for the hybrid of E.intermedium E.elongata was 0.529, and that of E.elongata E.intermedium was 0.702; however, the comprehensive values of drought tolerance of E.intermedium and E.elongata were 0.308 and 0.191 respectively. Drought tolerance of the hybrids was obviously stronger than that of their parents, and the drought tolerance of the hybrid between E.elongata E.intermedium was the best.
Plant diversity of wetland communities in the Changde City, China
2010, 4(12): 96-101.
[Abstract](1406) [PDF 499KB](939)
Abstract:
Plant species, life form and its distribution of wetland community characteristics in the Changde City were investigated by field survey, collecting specimen, taking pictures and searching literatures. This study indicated that there were 101 plant species of wet communities, belonging to 45 families, in which 40 species were wetland plants and 48 species were emergent properties of plants, and submerged plants and floating plants were 4 and 9 species. The compiling a plant list in this study will provide important information for integrated conservation and utilization of wetland plants in Changde.
Breeding new forage variety of cocksfoot named Qiancao No.4
2010, 4(12): 102-106.
[Abstract](2006) [PDF 408KB](1056)
Abstract:
Cocksfoot is one of the important grass species for grassland animal husbandry development in Guizhou. Big requirement for this forage enable professionals to breed new varieties with high yield and quality. A breeding method named onehybrid selection method had been used to breed the new cocksfoot variety from the Nayong cocksfoot, and this new variety was named Qiancao No.4 cockfoot. The Qian No.4 cocksfoot had been identified as a new forage variety by the Crop Varieties Appraisal Committee in Guizhou, and had been numbered No.2009001. The fresh yield of this new forage variety was the highest from 2006 to 2008 in Guizhou Province, reaching 63 091.5 kg/hm2, which was higher than Nayong cocksfoot with 51 040.51 kg/hm2 and Baoxing cocksfoot with 54 695.67 kg/hm2, increasing by 23.6% and 15.35%, respectively. The crude protein and crude fat content of Qiancao No.4 cocksfoot was significantly higher than that of Nayong cocksfoot, increasing by 15.78% and 5.83% respectively. Qian No.4 cocksfoot grew faster, and its average growth rate was 2.77 cm/d, which was significantly faster than that of Nayong cocksfoot (1.91 cm/d) and Baoxing cocksfoot (2.34 cm/d). The objectives, selection process, yield performance, characteristics, cultivation techniques and suitable planting areas of Qiancao No.4 cocksfoot was summarized in this paper, which would provide useful information for development and utilization of this variety.
Effects of seeds carried by satellite on photosynthetic characteristics of Trifolium repens
2010, 4(12): 107-112.
[Abstract](1567) [PDF 791KB](1091)
Abstract:
The Chlorophyll,photosynthetic characteristics,ultramicroscopic structure of Trifolium repens leaf were measured and observed when T.repens seeds were carried by satellite. The results of this study showed that the Chlorophyll a and total chlorophyll, photosynthetic rate (Pn), conductance to H2O (Cond) and transpiration rate (Tr) of leaves during 13:00-15:00 (P0.05) when T.repens seeds were carried by satellite were lower than that of leaves when seeds were not carried by satellite (P0.05). Compared with the plant leaves growing from seeds without satellite treatment, plant leaves with satellite treatment showed the more tortuously chloroplast, more starch grains with different size, in which some leaves were even filled by disorderly chloroplast.The osmiophilic globule were unevenly distributed in the disorderly chloroplasts and mitochondria cracked.From the ultrastructure pictures, grana lamellae of chloroplsts were reduced and their diameter became larger.
Effect of temperature and light length on the morphological traits of three falldormant class varieties of Medicago sativa
2010, 4(12): 113-119.
[Abstract](1400) [PDF 415KB](887)
Abstract:
Low temperature and short light length are the main environmental factors causing the fall dormancy of Medicago sativa. An experiment was conducted in the laboratory to determine the effect of combination of different temperature and light length on morphological traits of three varieties of M. sativa with different fall dormancy classes. The major results of this study showed that the interaction effectiveness of temperature reduction and light length reduction on morphological traits of alfalfa varieties were significantly greater than single treatments(P0.05). Temperature reduction and interaction between temperature reduction and light reduction decreased the branch numbers per plant, weakened stem growth, and made the leafage become long and slim for nondormant and dormant alfalfa varieties, as well as enabled the prostrate growth to become obvious. Reduction in light length and temperature significantly reduced the forage yield and quality of alfalfa varieties(P0.05)and light length reduction were more than temperature reduction.
Effects of ultradrying storage on vigor of Amaranthus hypochondriacus seeds
2010, 4(12): 120-123.
[Abstract](1434) [PDF 406KB](1167)
Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of ultra drying on vigor of Amaranthus hypochondriacus seeds. The seeds of A.hypochondriacus were ultra dried at different time to get seeds with 8.09%, 4.12% and 2.03% of moisture content, respectively. These seeds were stored in calorstat at 50 ℃ temperature for 10 days to age. The germination rate and other physiological parameters of aged seeds and noaged seeds of A.hypochondriacus were measured in this study. The results of this study showed that there were not significant differences in physiological parameters between seeds with ultradrying and seed without ultradrying. However, Seed germination rate, the activity of dehydrogenase and peroxidase peroxidase of aged seeds were higher than that of the control seeds and the electric conductivity and the content of MDA of aged seeds were lower than that of the control seeds when seed moisture was content 4.12%. The storage effectiveness of seeds with 4.12% moisture content was better than that of seeds with 2.03% moisture content. This suggested that the ultra drying could maintain seed vigor of A.hypochondriacus seeds and enhanced their storage effectiveness when seed moisture content was appropriate.
Effect of bacterial manure pouring root on growth and induced diseaseresistance of Poa pratensis
2010, 4(12): 124-128.
[Abstract](1859) [PDF 803KB](1088)
Abstract:
Biofertilizer plays dual roles in encouraging growth and improving disease resistance of plants. An experiment was conducted to develop a new biofertilizer by determining the effect of different combination of antagonistic bacteria and softguard fertilizer and Double?Green on disease indexes of Pythium graminicola, leaf width, and defense enzyme activities of Poa pratensis. The results of this study showed that antagonistic bacteria was best for the induced disease resistance of P. pratensis because it increased the content of POD, PAL, PPO, 1,3glucanase and SOD activities of P. pratensis. The softguard fertilizer and Double?Green encouraged the growth of P. pratensis when compared to antagonistic bacteria. Mixed application of CE antagonists bacteria and fertilizer improved the induced disease resistance rather than growth of P. pratensis.
The herbicide resistance of Kengyili rigidula cv.Aba at its seedling stage to 2, 4D Butylate and Kuoji
2010, 4(12): 129-133.
[Abstract](2312) [PDF 758KB](866)
Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to determine the suitable dosage of 2, 4D Butylate and Kuoji for controlling weeds in Kengyilia rigidula cv. Aba when it was at the seedling stage. The results of this study showed that the application concentrations of 750 to 2 250 mL 2, 4D Butylate of per hectare and 300 to 900 g Kuoji per hectare did little harm to K. rigidula cv. Aba plants. 750 to 2250 mL 2, 4D Butylate of per hectare and 300 to 900 g Kuoji per hectare did not significantly affect the living rates, height, and tillers per plant of K. rigidula cv. Aba. The application concentrations of 3 000 ml per hectare 2,4D Butylate and 1 200 g per hectare Kuoji significantly reduced the below and above biomass (P0.05) when compared to control, indicating that K.rigidula cv.Aba could suffer from the two herbicides to some extent. This study suggested that 3 000 mL 2, 4D Butylate or 1 200 g Kuoji per hectare was safely threshold value for controlling the weed in K.rigidula cv. Aba when it was at the seedling stage.
Evaluation system of determining optimal stocking rates of Tianshan mountain steppeA case study in Xinyuan County,Xinjiang
2010, 4(12): 134-139.
[Abstract](1442) [PDF 509KB](932)
Abstract:
Based on typical grazing patterns and stocking rate per unit area, five grazing degrees with the extreme, heavy, moderate, light and zero grazing were used to determine the optimal stocking rate of the mountain steppe in the Xinyuan County, and the grazing intensity for he extreme, heavy, moderate, light and zero grazing treatments were 0.51, 0.43, 0.32, 0.26 and 0 sheep unit/hm2 respectively. The Delphi method and Analytic Hierarchy Process was used to comprehensively evaluate the effectiveness of different grazing degrees by using vegetation index, soil index, nutritional and economic vegetation index. The results of this study showed that the moderate grazing degree with 0.32 sheep unit/hm2 stocking rate was optimal approach to mountain steppe in the view of steppe ecosystem health and animal husbandry development.
Estimation of meadow steppe yield and carrying capacity of meadow grassland in Hulunber region
2010, 4(12): 140-147.
[Abstract](6363) [PDF 782KB](1938)
Abstract:
The improved CASA model was used to estimate the net primary productivity (NPP) and the carrying capacity of Xieertala meadow steppe during growing season of 2009 in Hulunber region, and then output from the improved CASA model was validated by the field survey data during growing season of 2009. The results of this study indicated that the estimated NPP of Xieertala meadow steppe in Hulunber region showed a unimodal curve throughout the year, peaking in July with 71.92 g/m2 yield. NPP changes corresponded to circle of meadow steppe vegetation growth stage. The estimated NPP and actual NPP was not significantly different and they shared the similar trend in seasonal change, and the accuracy of the improved CASA model was 94.05%. The total community cover and the heights were significantly positive correlation with meadow steppe yield. The estimated yield of Xieertala meadow steppe in 2009 showed that the optimal carrying capacity was 7 562.40 cattle units and was lower than the actual carrying capacity, implying that overloading rate was about 13.37%.
Effect of additives on the white cover silage
2010, 4(12): 148-151.
[Abstract](1646) [PDF 429KB](977)
Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of different additives on white clover silage at its vegetative growth period by ensilaging fresh forage in bag with control, formic acid with concentration of 6 mL/kg and 2% of sucrose solution for 360 d. The results of this study showed that addition of formic acid or sucrose improved the silage fermentation quality, significantly decreased the pH value, acetic acid, ammonia nitrogen content of white clover silage (P0.01), significantly increased lactic acid content of white clover silage (P0.01). This study also indicted that addition of formic acid or sucrose increased the dry matter recovery and ADF content of silage (P0.05) and reduced the nitrate content of silage.
Technological requirements and advices of forage industry development in Shandong Province
2010, 4(12): 152-156.
[Abstract](1650) [PDF 442KB](994)
Abstract:
With the development of modern agriculture, forage industry plays more and more important role in Shandong province. Forage planting has a long history in Shandong province and a local variety Wudi alfalfa becomes famous. Although scientific research system has been established and forage industry has showed a good prospect in Shandong province, forage industry development is not health due to market, technology and policy. Based on current status of forage industry development in the Shandong province, this study proposed the forage industry requirements for techniques from market, forage store and production, qualified forage and livestock, forage breeding and cultivar, and forage mechanization. This study also presented some advices for forage industry development in the Shandong Province as following, firstly, the government should put forward subsidy policy to encourage initiative in forage planting; secondly, it was effort to strengthen forage science and technology in breeding variety, forage production process, and mechanization; thirdly, promoting forage base construction and technical extension was good to forage industry chain construction; finally, forage industry in the Shandong province should get a further support from the national forage industrial technology system construction.